Infection and Rheumatic Diseases

Infections can trigger certain rheumatic conditions such as Lyme Disease, and Rheumatic Fever.

Lyme Disease is a multisystem condition caused by the spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi, transmitted by the Ixodid tick.  Lyme Disease can occur following a tick bite (from a tick carrying Borrelia) and result in a rash (erythema migrans), general malaise, fever, arthralgia (joint pains), and can also cause meningitis (lymphocytic meningitis), facial palsy, and affect the heart (cardiac conduction disorders and myocarditis).

The early diagnosis of this condition is essential as it is treatable and early treatment with antibiotics prevents later complications of the condition.